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The collective wisdom of Acropolis 2017.Athens.Greece.

The 4th c.B.C. Athens,Greece.
The polis Athens developed and flourished outside the boundaries of the 'sacred Rock'in which the Athenians gave the name Acropolis-akra=upper, polis=city-to differentiate it from the 'asty'.
The 'asty' Athens that was the lower city where lived the Athenians, outside the walled frontiers of Acropolis 'the big-rocked hill of Pallas' according to Aristophanes(c.446 BC Athens-c.386 BC Delphi.Greece) playwright of Athens.
Text/Photography(c)Tzina-Mersina Alimpoutaki-Joustra.
All rights reserved.
The collective wisdom of Acropolis 2017. Athens.Greece. Part One.

                                                  The Acropolis and its monuments.
The 'big-rocked hill of Pallas'-Acropolis-rises to a high of 60-70 m and the flat surface measures about 300 m on the East-West axis and 150 m on the North-South axis' as the archaeologist and former director of the Acropolis wrote, Dr.G.Papathanassopoulos. 
Of the four slopes, three are precipitous and craggy while the west slope, the most smooth, provides a declivity making access to the summit possible and has thus always constituted the main approach there to..The presence of spring water on the slopes decisively benefited man's inhabitation and utilisation on the rock while the inaccessible heights gave security in time of danger.
It was here that Athena goddess raised her temple and here that countless generations have paid their respects to the magnificent achievements of the human mind..'
The walls you see on looking at the Acropolis represent the rock's fortifications as they took shape in the first half on the 5th c.B.C after the sacking of the city by the Persians.
Their present form was arrived at during the Middle Ages and the period of Turkish rule when additions were made to fill those sections ruined during disturbances; resent restoration work also contributed to their appearance.
The oldest fortification walls on the Acropolis date from Mycenaean times or precisely the second half of the 13th c.B.C.
They enclosed the Mycenaean palace and the entire settlement by following the irregular upper reaches of the natural rock.This Cyclopean wall, had to entrances at the north and another the main entrance at the south-west edge of the rock where the Propylaia would later be built.
                                                        The Propylaia of Acropolis.
More important parts of the wall are preserved south of the Propylaia, east of the Acropolis Museum,east of the Erechtheion and few remains exist on the north slope.

                        The Odeion of Herodes Atticus and the stoa of Eumenes monuments.
The Odeion of Herodes Atticus stands on the edge of the west slope of the Acropolis and was the last of the large imposing public buildings founded in this locality which for centuries had been devoted to the service of music and the dramatic arts. Herodes born in A.D.101 at Marathon in Attica-where the Marathon running was begun-used his fortune to found many large public buildings not only in Attica but in other places in Greece,also.The Odeion of Herodes unlike the neighbouring Odeion of Pericles is built as an amphitheatre along the pattern used for theatres in imperial times.
Know today as the 'Herodeion' the theatre underwent structural reinforcement and re-marbling of the cave to serve now as a venue for performances of ancient drama,concerts and other cultural activities.
The long building-stoa- from the first half of the 2nd c.B.C was gift of Pergamo's  king Eumenes II to the city of Athens and was constructed to service the large numbers of visitors to Dionysos theatre.   
   
                                                          The Propylaia of Acropolis.
                                       The theatre of Dionysos Eleuthereus monument.
The theatre of Dionysos Eleuthereus is directly associated with the adjoining temenos of the deity and in all respects constitutes its natural as well as liturgical extension. Together to the development of drama at Athens and the introduction of dramatic contests the Great Dionysia the theatre of Dinysos developed and took on a new form.
By the middle of the 5th c.B.C.after the Persian Wars the theatre provided the venue for the first performances of works by the three great tragedians Aeschylos,Sophocles and Euripides and Aristophanes.  

                                                 


                                                     Athenian Agora. 2017. Athens.Greece.
                                      The most important site of the creation of Democracy.
The 7th c.BC. Athens,Greece.
When the monarchy felled and the Aristocracy had the power, the Acropolis which function was center of the city's public matters,transferred to the center of politic and judicial authority.
After the formation of the Democracy in Athens the center of these politic and judicial authority had been established to the Agora, center of athletic,artistic,spiritual and political life. 
                                       The Athenian Agora in 2017, Athens.Greece.                           




Reviving the Athenian Agora supported by a grant from Iceland,Liechtenstein and Norway through the EEA Financial Mechanism.

 The Pnyx-Πνυκα- in Greek -a small hill in central Athens where Athenians gathered and so created the most important site of democracy.
Rnyx.a hill in central Athens.Greece.














































































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