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'Good Hope' at Rijksmuseum Amsterdam and South's Africa-Dutch history.

'People..Luck's children, race of the water and mud constituting of fiery atoms,infinity small, round, smooth and exceptional nimble to move quickly and easily..' as it define in Democritus materialism theory resemble South's Africa people.
'People..Luck's children, race of water and mud' who according to Democritus-Abdera-Greece-460 BC- definition 'struggle to conquer their reputation,dignity and their human destination in the universe..'.
              The 'Good Hope' South Africa and The Netherlands from 1600' exhibition at 
                                  The Rijksmuseum  Amsterdam until 21 May 2017
illustrates exactly 400 years of South's Africa people history who tried to find out their human destination and their connections with The Netherlands.
(Text/Photography(c)Tzina-Mersina Alimpoutaki-Joustra.
All rights reserved).

                                            Rembrandt,The Young Rembrandt 
                                    as Democritus the Laughing Philosopher(1628-29).
                                    Oil on copper.
                                    Current location Getty Center.
                                    References J.Paul Getty Museum.
                                            (Source Wikipedia-Wikimedia Commons).

 In South Africa by the early 17th century English and Dutch merchants competed on the trade and special Dutch interest was aroused after 1647 when Dutch East Company discovered the Cape of Good Hope, that would become Cape Town when Jan van Riebeeck established there a victualling station.
                                                  Portrait of Simon van der Stel.
                                                  Pieter van Anraedt(1635-1678).
                                                     Oil on canvas,c.1677-1678.
Simon van der Stel became governor of the Cape(1691-1699) and his son Willem Andriaan also. They transformed the Cape into a veritable colony.

                           Dutch Merchant with Enslaved Men in a Hilly Landscape.
Afrikaner Culture in the 18th century was a new culture on the Cape under the name Afrikaander or Afrikaner.European and Christian influenced by Africa and Asia decorated their houses with porcelain and furniture from Asia,Europa but also from The Cape.



Great Britain occupied Cape Town and despite returning to Dutch rule under the Batavia Republic in 1803, the Cape occupied again by the Great Britain in 1806. 
Griqua and Baster women wore Bonnets just like their grandmothers had done and Dutch Bibles were the most important possession of Boers, Griqua and Basters connected them to their religion and Dutch past also. 


                     Portrait of a girl with curled Locks and Strings. Albumen print,1891-1897.


During the First Boer War(1880-1881)the Boer Republics resisted British but the British returned with greater numbers and a new war strategy in the Second Boer War(2899-18902).
On May 1961 the country became a republic with Queen Elizabeth II stripped of the title Queen of South Africa and the Governor-General, Charles Robberts Swart who became State President.

                   
                                                                   Apartheid 
Apartheid became controversial and several countries began to boycott business with the South Africa government because of its racial policies.



Machlabatini Declaration of Faith, enshrined the principles of peaceful transition of power and equality for all and that was the first agreement between blanck and white leaders in South Africa.
F.W. Klerk discussed that great matter with Nelson Mandela in 1993.
Nelson Mandela was the first black African President of Republic of South Africa.

As The Rijksmuseum explains'..The ever diplomatic Mandela himself patted the Dutch on the back. He thanked the Netherlands for its solidarity with the African National Congress(ANC) struggle against apartheid . Was this a way for The Netherlands to shake off the feelings of colonial guilt that 
 had surfaced in the 1960s and 70s? Naturally the impact of the 350 year presence of the Netherlanders on the Cape remains indelible..'
       The Rijksmuseum Amsterdam.The Netherlands.






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